Philodendron Domesticum Care: In this article, we’ll be looking at what we call the domesticum Philodendron.
The plant can also be identified by the name Spadeleaf Philodendron or Burgundy Philodendron. The Philodendron contains around 450 species of the stem as well as climbing plants. This genus is native to tropical America.
To ensure that your Philodendron Domesticum thrives, give it dim lighting and high levels of humidity. It thrives in warm temperatures of 55-80 (degrees)F (12 between 26 and 26 degrees C.).
If you observe the edges and stems of the leading on Philodendron Domesticum, they will appear slightly purple, hence its term Burgundy Philodendron. Its leaves are a shiny texture, which makes it an ideal decorative plant for your home.
Many prefer to use them for the type of decor since one does not have to grow in pots! They can also be grown in hanging baskets that will enhance the aesthetics of your room.
If given enough room it will extend its arms around walls and poles that add a lovely exotic accent to the design of your room, particularly when it’s well-lit.
Apart from its aesthetics It is also widely regarded as filtering of air since it removes harmful chemicals from the air.
In addition to the benefits previously mentioned it also has a robust root system and is believed to be healthy, thus needing less attention.
Plant care basics for Philodendron Domesticum
Philodendrons thrive in dense and loose pot soil. The soil must be well-drained and rich in organic matter.
The most well-known soil is Sphagnum peat moss. The pH recommended for the growth of the Philodendron Domesticum is 5.0 – 6.0 it is acidic soil.
I would suggest finding a balance between dry and dry soil.
The plant will require some water, when the soil is too humid, it could lead to root rotting, which could be fatal to the Philodendron Domesticum.
Philodendron Domesticum Watering
Giving the proper quantity of water vital for the growth of Philodendron. I suggest feeding the plants just enough to ensure that water flows into the drain hole. It helps keep the soil moist.
Get rid of the water that has run out to keep the plant from sitting there for a prolonged. It is possible to touch the surface to determine whether it’s dry enough to be used to be able to water it again.
By examining the upper layer of soil you will be able to make sure that root rot isn’t an issue and that you don’t overwater.
Philodendron Domesticum Light Requirements
Philodendron domesticum is known to thrive in dim lighting. In the past I attempted to adjust my Philodendron in bright light however, the conditions weren’t ideal. The plant was growing faster however, I had regularly fertilised it to maintain the rapid growth.
In addition, under bright light, the plant will require more water. But, I believe Philodendron Domesticum enjoys having the most beneficial of both, which is achievable under lush tropical shade.
I’ve noticed that every time I cultivate the Philodendron Domesticum under direct light the leaves change colour. At times, under dim light, the leaves may begin to lose their shape.
Because the plant is native to South America, it is not surprising to observe it adapted to temperate temperatures.
These warm temperatures can be at the house, which is why I love plants for the house.
The ideal temperature range for the Philodendron Domesticum is 12 to 26 degrees Celsius (55-80 o F).
A few people prefer to keep the plant outside during the summer months.
However, it must be returned to the garden during the winter months because Philodendron Domesticum does not tolerate temperatures that are below 55 F. F.
Similar to when I put the plant in my home I place the plant out of entryways and windows because it doesn’t like cold drafts.
It also doesn’t appreciate too hot conditions Therefore, you must avoid it from cooking surfaces and ovens.
The best rule of thumb is when you’re at ease with the temperature of your home – your Domesticum will be the same.
Philodendron Domesticum Humidity
Philodendron Domesticum enjoys a good amount of humidity. My home usually has either an air conditioner or a fan that reduces the humidity overall.
Thus, I utilize synthetic methods to keep the amount of moisture.
The plant can be kept within a tray full of water. The humidity rises because of the evaporation. This is the least expensive method of increasing humidity levels.
Another approach is to spray the plant with water lightly. In the summer it is important to be extra aware of the water requirements of Domesticum. Domesticum.
The plant is misted every two days. In winter, I lengthen the interval by a few days and then mist the Domesticum plant once every up to three days.
The process of keeping a schedule in mind may be difficult and difficult, but you can accomplish it by drawing an outline or setting an alarm for your mobile phone.
The third option is likely not the most affordable, but it’s the most effective. Utilize a humidifier that does a great job when where the temperatures are a little higher than normal, especially during winter.
Philodendron Domesticum Fertilizer
Philodendron Domesticum is a spade-like plant with long leaves. To ensure their health and glossy appearance I feed the plant frequently.
In the early stages of your growing season, you can make use of slow-release pellets. Frequently, use liquid fertilizer.
In winter, I’d recommend fertilizing the Philodendron Domesticum plant at least every two months.
Sometimes, the leaves of new growth are dull in appearance. This could be because the plant is lacking calcium or magnesium.
Over-fertilization can harm the growth of Philodendron. There is evidence of slow growth, burning leaf edges, and the dying of the plant.
The majority of Philodendron varieties are prolific producers including the Domesticum. To keep the plant in check I trim the growth that is new and repotted the plants.
Potting of Philodendron Domesticum is usually done in late winter or the spring. Follow the steps below to repot Philodendron Domesticum:
- Plant your plant into a place that is big enough to allow the roots to get cramped. This planter must measure 2 inches larger than the one before it.
- If the pot isn’t equipped with drainage holes, you can fill the bottom of the pot with stones or broken pieces of crockery.
- Be sure to employ a commercial potting mix that is a good mix consisting of sand, loam as well as peat moss.
- It’s even better if it had the charcoal of broken rocks, broken Crocks and gravel.
- The newly planted Philodendron Domesticum needs to be cautious when watering, especially in the initial month. This will ensure that the roots remain wet and do not dry out.
- When irrigation of the Domesticum is essential, make sure that the soil doesn’t become soggy.
- Because it is known that the Philodendron Domesticum is a vining species I’d advise that you add a moss stake or kind of pole during the process of the replanting.
Philodendron Domesticum Pruning
Philodendron Domesticum doesn’t require regular pruning. It is possible to use it for a different appearance or to remove the dead and damaged foliage.
Based on my own experience, pruning sessions are beneficial. Not just do I have an assortment of new plants as well, but I also offer some of my plants to acquaintances.
Pruning the Philodendron Domesticum to limit the size of the plant, or for a more bushy appearance. When I notice the leaves are beginning to turn brown, I’ll either remove them or cut them as close as I can possible to their base.
If the Domesticum plant gets older and ages, the stems on the plant begin to resemble a tree. To give the plant a like a tree, cut off those lower leaflets. It is possible to employ sharp scissors, but secateurs could be a better alternative.
I highly recommend wearing gloves during the process of pruning, as the plant is toxic sap that could cause skin irritation or cause health hazards when inhaled.
Philodendron Domesticum Propagation
- Philodendron Domesticum is propagated through cuttings, by cutting the stem.
- I apply stem cutting to the leaf node which remains intact. I prefer to cut in the area of the plant where roots arise.
- Then I propagate the cut stem into the soil or in water for the following few weeks.
- To reproduce the Domesticum’s Philodendron flower in water, I just place it in a container of water.
- Then, I place it in a cool place and then watch in the coming days for any signs of root growth.
- To reproduce in soil, I trim the stems at the ends of the Philodendron and soak them in the growth hormone.
- Then, I place the plant in moist, well-drained soil, and ensure that it is getting support to stand up by gently tucking the stem in. The resulting stem is placed in moist soil and then placed in a warm place.
- To determine whether the roots are growing If I want to check for root growth, I gently pull the stem and feel for any resistance. Resistance indicates that roots have developed. Following this, I transfer the plant into a larger pot.
- Air layering is a fantastic method for encouraging the growth of plants while remaining connected with the Philodendron parent Domesticum plant.
- To apply air layering, first, locate the presence of one or two nodes in the Philodendron Domesticum. This can be determined by lookout for a bumpy portion inside the stem.
- After I have identified my preferred set of nodes Next step is to cover them in damp moss using the aid of Clingfilm.
- It could take a few weeks before the roots begin to show. However, you shouldn’t just wait around, but instead, continue spraying the moss regularly to keep it damp.
It is extremely uncommon to find Philodendron Domesticum to have flowering growth particularly when they are used as an indoor plant.
It is important to note that the blooming average for Philodendron Domesticum is approximately 20 years. Flowers are visible on a mature plant, and can be several decades!
If they do have flowers I typically set them inside spathes to decorate. It enhances the decorative beauty of the plants.
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If planted in the proper conditions, it can reach 8 feet tall.
The plant’s maturity is when the leaves can grow at a maximum of 22 inches long and nine inches wide. They resemble spades. This is why they’re named Spadeleaf!
Common Problems for Philodendron domesticum
It is Philodendron Domesticum is a tropical plant. Common problems that they encounter are root rotting and reduced growth due to inadequate fertilizer. But, certain pests and diseases can be a threat to:
POWDERY MULDEEW Philodendron Domesticum grows in moist and shady environments. The leaves of this plant are vulnerable to the fungus mildew. To prevent mouldy powdery mildew from infecting the plant relocate the Philodendron to an area that is more conducive to air circulation.
If you plan to put the Philodendron Domesticum Plant outside you should remove a few plants to allow it more room. Other plants should be 24 inches from the Philodendron.
If the mildew is still powdery don’t cut the leaves. I suggest treating the leaf with the Fungicide. Spray the leaves till they’re coated and repeat the procedure every 4 days until the mildew is gone.
ERWINIA BRIGHT ERWINIA BLIGHT It is among the most prevalent Philodendron disease, and it is extremely fatal. The stem of Philodendron Domesticum gets covered with lesions that are filled with water. Sometimes, instead of being on its stems, the infection may extend to the leaves too.
Newer leaves tend to be more yellow-coloured and appear smaller than the normal Philodendron Domesticum’s. The plant that is dying releases a noxious smell.
To combat Erwinia disease, I would recommend minimising the amount of watering for The Philodendron Domesticum. Do not fertilize over the recommended amount.
PSEUDOMONAS LEAF SPOT Black-edged lesions develop in the leaves, and it has spots of yellow and brown. The bacterial growth takes place at the leaf’s surface and triggers death in the tissues that make up it. Philodendron Domesticum. If it is not addressed in time the leaves become fragile and papery when touched. A slight touch can break the leaves.
I would avoid watering over the head in the event of disease to stop the spread of the bacteria. In addition, I would recommend using copper as the fungicide.
XANTHOMONAS Leaf Spot The Xanthomonas bacteria attack Philodendron Domesticum by causing pores, wounds and stomata on the leaf’s surface. As the result leaves gradually turn yellow, and ultimately fall.
The risk of contracting this disease occurs in extremely humid conditions between 70 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit. To stop this bacterial infection from spreading, injuries to the body are to be avoided so that there are fewer wounds for the growth of the disease.
I would recommend that you water the Philodendron Domesticum in mid-morning so that it can dry faster. This means that the medium of transmission is removed and the bacterium flourishes.
MEALY BUGS If you keep the plant’s Philodendron Domesticum plant is maintained at its ideal temperatures, it may be the home of known pests that eat plants, mealybugs. They are white soft-bodied insects with no wings that draw the sap from the plant by sucking the stems.
If mealybugs are excessively high in number, they may result in curling and yellowing of leaves. To stop their growth I saturate the infested zone with alcohol.
Avoid over-watering or fertilizing the plant since moisture aids mealybugs reproduce further.
Aphids –Aphid infestations can develop rapidly on indoor plants, such as Philodendron Domesticum. Since these insects are extremely moveable, it’s suggested that a damaged Philodendron Domesticum is removed immediately from the other plants to avoid spreading.
Aphids typically attack new growth areas that are part of Philodendron Domesticum. This causes the new leaves to look unwell and reduced. If the problem becomes worse, the leaves will begin to fall.
To prevent the continued expansion of these pests I apply insecticidal soap that can be purchased from the market. Make it yourself by mixing one teaspoon of detergent into the water before spraying it onto the plant.
Neem oil is a different beneficial treatment due to its insecticidal and fungicidal properties. As per the Environmental Protection Association Neem oil is safe for use on ornamental plants.
Tips to help you grow Your Philodendron Domesticum
These are the guidelines to be aware of to help grow your Philodendron Domesticum in a balanced way:
- Control stress-related factors by avoiding excessive or inadequate watering.
- The water should be drained properly by placing the pot in a drainage pot.
- Hydrate the Philodendron Domesticum from beneath.
- Repot your garden every year in the right size containers.
- Ensure that you fertilize your plant regularly during the spring and summer seasons.
- It is important to isolate a sick Philodendron Domesticum as soon as you notice or symptom.
Frequently asked questions
Is PHILODENDRON DOMESTICUM TOXIC?
The leaves of the Philodendron Domesticum contain calcium oxalate. It is a poisonous substance if consumed. It can cause death to animals and humans. It could harm your digestive tract and cause irritations, which could be mistaken for allergies.
IS POTHOS FROM THE PHILODENDRON FAMILY?
It is the Pothos variety is frequently mistaken for Philodendron Domesticum as they have similar leaf forms. But the Pothos has more varied leaves and is smaller than Philodendron in terms of size.
WHAT IS THE PERFECT INTENSITY OF LIGHT TO GROW MY PHILODENDRON DOMESTICUM?
It is the Philodendron Domesticum is native to the tropical forests in South America. They, therefore, prefer light to medium intensity.
Conclusion On Philodendron Domesticum
It is a great choice for the Philodendron Domesticum is an excellent option for office and home due to its beautiful glossy leaves, and its bare need for light. It is a simple plant that many novices prefer to try out as a first-time plant.
It is a Philodendron Domesticum plant that can adapt to the inside of a home. It is the reason that learning how to take care of it is so easy!
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